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Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic. Create a personalised profile.
Select personalised. Apply market research to generate audience insights. Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. Among the lesser-known and less-studied eating disorder behaviors is chewing and spitting. This behavior consists of chewing a highly palatable and energy-dense food and spitting it out instead of swallowing it. Chewing and spitting is similar to bingeing because it involves larger than intended quantities of high-calorie foods. It also shares elements of restrictive eating because the food is not actually consumed. Initially, spitting was believed to be an alternative to purging.
Therefore, the behavior was primarily studied in individuals with bulimia nervosa. However, the DSM-5 does not list chewing and spitting under any single disorder because this behavior may occur across other eating disorder diagnoses. Chewing and spitting can be seen in patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosabulimia nervosa, or other specified eating disorders. Eating disorders can impact people from all different walks of life. Research shows that those with a family history of eating disorders are more likely to develop them, but genetics don't always play a role. A preoccupation with body image and a desire for control are commonly associated with eating disorders, like chewing and spitting.
Other mental disorders like anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, or drug abuse may also accompany disordered eating habits, along with more severe symptoms—including suicidal ideation. If you are having suicidal thoughts, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at for support and assistance from a trained counselor. If you or a loved one are in immediate danger, call For more mental health resources, see our National Helpline Database.
While it might seem like a relatively benign habit when compared to other disordered behaviors like vomiting, the physical consequences of chewing and spitting can be serious. Patients should see a medical doctor and a dentist to discuss potential treatment options for gastrointestinal, hormonal, and dental issues. Proper mental health support can help reduce further physical and emotional damage.
The shame and stigma associated with chewing and spitting can be a barrier to seeking treatment. As with other eating disorders, psychotherapy and nutritional counseling can help. Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT may be used to address eating disorders including chewing and spitting. Components may include acknowledgment of feelings of shame, challenging of dietary rules, management of emotional distress, and practice of increased flexibility.
The CBT strategies that are used to address chewing and spitting behaviors are similar to those used with other eating disorders. The strategies are focused on challenging a person's irrational thoughts involving fear of food, fear of weight gain, and body image concerns.
If a loved one is displays s of an eating disorder, it's helpful to understand which behaviors they are engaging in. Chewing and spitting may be a symptom of a larger eating disorder. Speak to your loved one about your concerns and encourage them to accept help from a qualified professional. Avoid providing criticism or judgment, and instead, focus on showing them how much you care about their well-being. Chewing and spitting may not seem like a big deal, but it's a of having a dysfunctional relationship with food. If you or someone you care about is chewing and spitting, it's best to seek treatment before the behavior continues to progress.
There are ways to find peace with food and body image. Sometimes, we just need a little extra help and support to start moving in the right direction. Learn the best ways to manage stress and negativity in your life. Chew and spit CHSP : a systematic review. J Eat Disord. Cleveland Clinic.
Eating disorders. Updated May 15, Bachmann S. Epidemiology of suicide and the psychiatric perspective. John Hopkins Medicine. What are the health effects of chewing and spitting out food? National Eating Disorders Association. Other specified feeding or eating disorder. Updated Your Privacy Rights. To change or withdraw your consent choices for VerywellMind. At any time, you can update your settings through the "EU Privacy" link at the bottom of any. These choices will be aled globally to our partners and will not affect browsing data.
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Diagnosis and Treatment. Advice for Family Members.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Eating Disorders. Was this helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.
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Understanding the Chew and Spit Eating Disorder